GEO ExPro

History of Oil

History of Oil Middle East

Memories of Iraqi Kurdistan

In 2003, the fall of Saddam Hussein opened up semi-autonomous Kurdistan to foreign investment. It also revived the interest of oil companies in the region, which had been explored, but not developed, by the Iraq Petroleum Company (IPC) between 1946 and 1961.
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History of Oil Middle East

Once Upon a Red Line - the Iraq Petroleum Company Story

A consortium of four oil majors (today’s BP, Shell, Total and ExxonMobil) and oil magnate Calouste Gulbenkian, the Iraq Petroleum Company (IPC) was designed to explore and extract oil in the Middle East. Amid controversy about its role as the ‘Red Line Cartel’, its pioneering contribution to the oil development of the region is often overlooked.
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History of Oil Worldwide

Unlocking the Earth - A Short History of Hydraulic Fracturing

The recent shale gas boom is a reminder that the effective use of hydraulic fracturing in shale formations is a relatively new phenomenon. However, this ‘fracking’ (also called 'fracing’ or ‘fraccing’ in the technical literature) has been around for longer than many people realise, and the use of unconventional techniques to extract oil and gas from the ground has developed over more than 150 years.
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History of Oil Middle East

Oil Exploration in Yemen

Yemen is a land of physical contrasts, bounded by mountains, desert and sea. It includes the Socotra archipelago and various islands in the Red Sea. At the heart of the south, like a deep gash across the land, is the Hadhramaut Valley. The geology of the region intrigued the early explorers, as it continues to do today. They had to overcome considerable political and physical difficulties as well as grapple with a complex geological puzzle that had its origins in the breakup of Gondwanaland.
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History of Oil North America

Emma Summers: Oil Queen of California

“A woman with a genius for affairs – it may sound paradoxical, but the fact exists. If Mrs. Emma A. Summers were less than a genius she could not, as she does today, control the Los Angeles oil markets.” – The San Francisco Call, July 21, 1901
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History of Oil North America

The Many Lives of Belridge

Nearly declared dead by its owners only eight years after discovery, new technologies introduced over the past century allowed Southern California’s Belridge Field to grow into a prolific oil producer. Now, 101 years since that discovery, innovative insights into its varied reservoirs promise to keep Belridge productive well into the 21st century.
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History of Oil Middle East

The Search for Oil in Oman

A discovery at Yibal in April 1962 marked the end of a long and frustrating search for commerical oil in the Sultanate of Oman. The country is now 24th in the global oil production table with reserves of about 5.5 Bbo.
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History of Oil Worldwide

Early Textbooks of Petroleum Geology

Petroleum geology textbooks have been an essential tool for training generations of teachers, researchers, explorers, and managers in the petroleum industry. Here we look at some of the early textbooks in this field as a way of paying tribute to these works and their authors, upon whose shoulders stand the writers, teachers and textbooks of our time.
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History of Oil Worldwide

80 Years of Discovery

Having just celebrated its 80th anniversary, CGGVeritas is one of the longest established service companies in the oil industry, and now employs over 7,200 people in 70 countries.
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History of Oil Middle East

The Abu Dhabi Oil Discoveries

In the 1930s Abu Dhabi was a poor fishing village on the edge of the desert, but the discovery of oil has revolutionised the Emirate. It is thought to possess the sixth largest proven oil reserves in the world and is now extremely rich.
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History of Oil North America

Start of Something Big

An oil discovery in the Moose Range wilderness on Alaska’s Kenai Peninsula would bring a momentous change to the territory and have oil exploration implications far to the north.
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