From the iconic ruins of Machu Picchu to the ancient capital of Cuzco, the Inca’s intimate relationship with some of South America’s most spectacular geology is brilliantly displayed in modern-day Peru.
This famously beautiful Mediterranean coastline stretching between Montenegro’s Bay of Kotor north-west to Croatia’s Rab island, features craggy mountains, rugged islands in an azure sea, and waterfalls tumbling over travertine into emerald pools.
The locals call them ‘Kerry Diamonds’; beautifully clear, euhedral quartz crystals found in fault zones at the western end of the Dingle Peninsula in south-west Ireland – but the real gem is the Peninsula itself!
Admire soaring, fjord-like walls of Mesozoic limestone as you glide through the Strait of Hormuz by dhow, the type of traditional wooden ships that today share this strategic waterway with supertankers and flotillas of Iranian smugglers’ speedboats.
While wandering 240 km across California from Bakersfield to Death Valley, the geotourist can marvel at a range of superlative wonders, from the densest developed oil field to the deepest canyon and the lowest point in the United States.
Strike-slip motion – with a dash of divergence – along the Dead Sea transform fault has created a rugged landscape of arid, cliff-girt plateaus towering above the Dead Sea, the lowest exposed point on Earth.