Vol. 9, No. 1

This edition of GEO ExPro Magazine focuses on the Middle East and New Technologies

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5 Editorial

6 Update

14 A Minute to Read

42 Giant Fields: The Great Burgan Field, Kuwait

64 GEO Tourism: The Majestic Landscape of Guilin

70 History of Oil: The Search for Oil in Oman

86 R ecent Advances in Technology: Sound in the Sea

90 GEO Cities: Kuala Lumpur

92 E xploration Update

94 Market Update

96 Geomedia: The Quest

98 Q&A: Arabian Sequence Stratigraphy

100 Hot Spot: The Barents Sea

102 Global Resource Management


18 Cover Story: The Zagros Uplift

26 Technology: Working Under Pressure

32 Technology: Workstations Promise New Life for Geology

36 Seismic Foldout: Santos Basin, Brazil

48 R eservoir Management: Enhanced Oil Recovery – Utilising Captured CO2

52 E xploration: The Bakken Oil Story

58 Seismic Foldout: Offshore Uruguay

78 E xploration: The Arctic – The Real Final Frontier


GEO Cities Asia

Kuala Lumpur - A Piece of Asia

Although sited a long way from Malaysia’s oil and gas producing regions, the vibrant, exciting city of Kuala Lumpur is the centre of the country’s hydrocarbon industry, as it is home to Petronas, the National Oil Company

Exploration Europe

Cyprus: Historic Gas Discovery

The inhabitants of the island of Cyprus had a very exciting late Christmas present, when Noble Energy announced that they had made a significant gas discovery offshore on December 28 last year.

GEO History Middle East

The Search for Oil in Oman

A discovery at Yibal in April 1962 marked the end of a long and frustrating search for commerical oil in the Sultanate of Oman. The country is now 24th in the global oil production table with reserves of about 5.5 Bbo.

Seismic Foldouts South America

Perfect Atlantic Analogues

Offshore Uruguay, regarded as an exploration frontier region with a wealth of hydrocarbon potential, is about to be tested. This article from 2012 is a Readers Choice. Find out why by reading it now!

Giant Fields Middle East

The Great Burgan Field, Kuwait

Second only to Saudi Arabia’s Ghawar, the supergiant Burgan field in Kuwait was discovered by a series of wells drilled during 1938-1952. Sitting on a huge structural anticline and occupying an area of 780 sq. km., the Cretaceous reservoirs of the Great Burgan field still account for most of Kuwait’s oil.

Giant Fields Middle East

The Zagros Uplift

“We climbed for most of that day, conquering step by step the Morvarid Pass, only to drop down again, having reached the top; and as evening fell we came down on the lovely valley of Deh Diz, with its single sentinel poplar and a ruined castle in the distance, and the long ridge of the snowy Kuh-e Mangasht beyond. Our camping-place this time was in an orchard of pomegranates, beside a clear mountain stream, on a grassy terrace strewn with rocks and boulders.” Vita Sackville-West, Twelve Days in Persia: Across the Mountains with Bakhtiari Tribe (1928)

Technology Explained Worldwide

Advances in Deepwater Reservoir Monitoring

With the market for Permanent Reservoir Monitoring (PRM) continuing to grow along with deepwater field expenditure (Douglas-Westwood forecasts global deepwater CAPEX of US$225 billion between 2011 and 2015), TGS company, Stingray Geophysical, is currently engaged in a collaborative programme which will enable its fibre-optic seismic sensing arrays to be permanently installed in depths of up to 3,000 metres.

Exploration Middle East

Force Majeure in Syria

The much-vaunted Arab Spring, which has brought new life to the Libyan oil industry, where production is reportedly already nearly back to pre-revolution volumes, is having a less satisfactory impression on the business elsewhere in the Middle East.